Pear: Benefits And Harms To The Body

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The history of the appearance of pears in nutrition Pear is a fruit tree from the Pink family. This plant appeared in prehistoric times, it ...

The history of the appearance of pears in nutrition

Pear is a fruit tree from the Pink family. This plant appeared in prehistoric times, it was not possible to establish its homeland. Apparently, pear cultivation began in Ancient Greece.

Since the 12th century, the name of the pear is already found in Russia. True, at first it was called "Hrusha", and in the 17th century - "Dula" from the Polish word. Thousands of varieties of pears are now known that are resistant to cold and grow even in the Far East.

All varieties are very different from each other in appearance, size, and taste. The record-holder among these fruits is the almost three-kilogram pear grown in Japan.

In this country, this plant is generally very appreciated. Kurayoshi has one of the most interesting pear museums. The building is made in the shape of a spherical pear, and inside, under the dome, an old dried pear tree is preserved. It bore fruit for 60 years and bore a record number of fruits. It was placed in a museum, keeping the twenty-meter crown and the entire root system under glass.

Pearwood is considered a valuable species. It has so-called "stone cages" that allow you to cut wood in any direction without splitting. Small decorative items and even furniture are made from pears.

The benefits of a pear

Just one pear contains up to 20% of the daily value of fiber. These dietary fibers are essential for our digestive system - they serve as food for beneficial bacteria. Coarse fiber stimulates intestinal motility, facilitating emptying. Fiber is able to bind fatty acids, thereby lowering the level of cholesterol formed from them. Most of all food drags in slightly unripe pears.

A pear is no less sweet than an apple, it also contains a lot of sugars. However, it is less harmful because pears contain a lot of sorbitol. This sweet substance is a sugar substitute that is safe for diabetics. After all, ordinary sugars with this disease cannot be consumed.

The peel of a pear is just as useful - it contains flavonoids. Flavonoids are good for the heart and blood vessels - they reduce capillary fragility, make red blood cells more elastic. The antiseptic properties of these plant pigments are also known.

The peel of a pear is just as useful - it contains flavonoids. Flavonoids are good for the heart and blood vessels - they reduce capillary fragility, make red blood cells more elastic. The antiseptic properties of these plant pigments are also known.

Pear contains a lot of arbutin - a substance with antibacterial properties. Together with the diuretic effect of pears due to the abundance of potassium, arbutin helps fight urinary tract infections.

An interesting property of the pear is to simultaneously loosen and fix the chair. The pulp, thanks to its fiber, stimulates emptying and, if overeating, can cause diarrhea. But the peel and pear decoction contains many tannins, which are distinguished by a fixing effect.

Calorie content per 100 grams

57 kcal

Protein

0.36 g

Fats

0.14 g

Carbohydrates

13.1 g

Pear harm

“Pear contains a lot of sugars, it cannot be used for diabetes and peptic ulcer disease. This fruit is an allergen and should be given carefully to children. Pear contains a lot of coarse fiber and should be consumed in moderation, otherwise, you can earn diarrhea.

Pear is a seasonal fruit, so it is better to eat it at this time. Out of season, plants are treated with a harmful carcinogen, ”says gastroenterologist Olga Arisheva.

The use of pears in medicine

Active substances are extracted from the pear, which is then used in the production of drugs. For example, arbutin with antiseptic properties is included in drugs for the treatment of the kidneys and urinary tract.

There are also numerous studies on the beneficial properties of pears. One of them studied the effect of pear consumption on heart health. For three months, middle-aged and elderly people consumed the pear, and the second group consumed a placebo. Those who ate the pear had a tendency to lower blood pressure at the time of heart contraction.

Another study was carried out on mice. Studied the antidiabetic properties of pears. Pear extract inhibited the development of type 2 diabetes.

Also, the extract is often used in cosmetology. It reduces the oiliness of the skin, reduces pores, and enriches the skin with vitamins and plant acids.

The use of pears in cooking

The pear is loved in many countries. This is a very aromatic fruit, from which desserts are prepared, as well as savory dishes. An interesting product is made in Switzerland - pear honey. It is a concentrated thickened pear juice.

Pear and Chicken Salad


The pear has a pungent flavor that goes well with white meat.

  • Smoked chicken - 300 gr
  • Peking cabbage - 300 gr
  • Pear - 1 pc.
  • Walnuts - 50 gr
  • Olive oil - 4 tbsp. spoons
  • Granular mustard - 2 tsp
  • Pepper, salt - to taste

Cut cabbage, chicken meat, dense pear into strips. Chop the nuts with a knife. Stir all ingredients.

To make a dressing: mix oil with salt, pepper, and mustard. Season the salad and serve immediately to the table.

Pear charlotte


Charlotte with pear turns out to be more tender than with apples. Due to the sweetness of the fruit, there may be a lot of sugar, adjust to taste. The pears are dense, so as not to sour when baking.

  • Large eggs - 2 pieces
  • Vegetable oil - 1 tbsp. spoon
  • Flour - 1 glass
  • Sugar - 1 glass
  • Baking powder - 1 tsp
  • Salt - a pinch
  • Medium pears - 6 pcs.
Break eggs into a bowl, add salt and sugar, and beat until frothy for a few minutes. Then add flour and baking powder and mix gently. Pour the oil last.

Wash the pears, remove the seeds, and cut into small cubes, the peel can be left on. Cut one of the pears lengthwise into thin slices.

Add pear cubes to the dough and mix well. Grease the form with butter, lay out the dough, level. Arrange the pear slices in the form of a flower on top and press them lightly into the dough.


Bake in an oven preheated to 180 degrees for about 30-40 minutes, depending on the shape. Willingness to check with a toothpick, it will be dry when piercing the charlotte.

How to choose and store a pear

Pears are sold fresh, as well as dried and dried. Keep in mind that the concentration of substances in dried fruits increases several times, so the calorie content of such a product is higher. When choosing dried pears, pay attention to the absence of mold and parasites.

Fresh pears can be bought not fully ripe. They work well in a few days in a warm room. Overripe pods are definitely not worth taking - they deteriorate very quickly.

Examine the peel for dark spots, soft dents, and wormholes. Loose and too fragrant pear is overripe and already begins to rot. Solid and odorless, on the contrary, has not matured.

It is better to store pears in the refrigerator, this extends the period by at least a week. In the room, fruits quickly begin to rot, ripe after a few days. Pear is one of the worst stored fruits.

The best time to buy is the harvest season, that is, summer and early fall.

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