Kiwi: Benefits And Harms To The Body

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The History of the Appearance of Kiwi in Nutrition Kiwi is the fruit of a herbaceous vine called Actinidia chinensis. Botanically, kiwis are...

The History of the Appearance of Kiwi in Nutrition

Kiwi is the fruit of a herbaceous vine called Actinidia chinensis. Botanically, kiwis are considered berries, but most still call them fruits.

Liana, originally from China, originally had sour and very small fruits. They were called the "Chinese circle". In the early 20th century, a gardener brought kiwi to New Zealand. He took up breeding and just 30 years later got the fluffy, sweet and juicy kiwi that we know today.

The name of these fruits was given by the same gardener, for their resemblance to the kiwi bird of the same name. She is a symbol of New Zealand, has a round and fluffy body, somewhat similar to the fruits of Actinidia.

The name of these fruits was given by the same gardener, for their resemblance to the kiwi bird of the same name. She is a symbol of New Zealand, has a round and fluffy body, somewhat similar to the fruits of Actinidia.

Kiwi ranks second in popularity among all tropical fruits, followed by pineapple. The main suppliers of kiwi are now New Zealand and Italy.

Kiwi's Benefit

Kiwi contains the enzyme actinidin. It breaks down proteins, making food easier to digest. In addition to actinidin, acids from kiwi help digestion. This is especially important when there is insufficient production of hydrochloric acid in the stomach. In Chinese medicine, kiwi is used specifically to improve digestion, as well as to reduce the likelihood of kidney stones.

Kiwi is the record holder for the presence of vitamin C, he lost the palm only to black currant. Only 100 grams of fresh kiwi contains four times the daily human need for vitamin C. It strengthens the immune system, helps fight colds.

Also, when eating kiwi, blood thinning is observed, which means that the risk of thrombosis will be less. The potassium in these fruits lowers blood pressure and controls hypertension.

Kiwi is good for more than just nutrition. The effect of organic acids from kiwi on the skin is such that pigmentation is reduced and the skin itself is tightened. Reduces wrinkles and flaking of the skin.

Calorie content per 100 grams

47 kcal

Protein

0.8 g

Fats

0.4 g

Carbohydrates

8.1 g

Kiwi Harm

“Kiwi is a very strong allergen for some people, including children and pregnant women. It is better not to give this fruit to small children, and to include it in the diet at a later age and carefully.

Kiwi also contains many acids that can cause dermatitis and damage tooth enamel. You can reduce their effect if you rinse your mouth with water after eating kiwi, ”advises gastroenterologist Olga Arisheva.

The use of Kiwi in Medicine

Due to a large number of fruit acids and antioxidants, kiwi is known in cosmetology as an ingredient in peels and masks. Kiwi fruit cleanses the skin and helps remove dead skin particles. Also, this fruit contains natural collagen in its composition, which helps to tighten and rejuvenate the skin.

Kiwi contains actinidin, a substance that improves protein absorption. Therefore, kiwi or its extract is recommended to improve digestion, especially after eating a lot of meat or dairy products.

Kiwi has also been shown to be a natural alternative to blood-thinning aspirin. Kiwi reduces the risk of blood clots, which is useful for diseases of the heart and blood vessels.

The use of Kiwi in Cooking

Kiwi, due to its bright taste, which at the same time resembles several fruits, is excellent for sweet dishes. Jelly, pies, preserves, mousses are made from it.

Kiwi in Chocolate


A festive and healthy treat. You can insert ice-cream sticks or skewers into the kiwi circles to make it easier to eat.

  • Kiwi - 3 pieces
  • Black chocolate - 150 gr
  • Cream - 80 ml
  • Sprinkles (nuts, coconut) - 2 tbsp. spoons
Break the chocolate into pieces, pour in the cream, and melt in the microwave or in a water bath. Do not simmer or the chocolate will curdle.

Peel the kiwi and cut them into thick circles, 8 millimeters each. Insert a stick and dip each kiwi half into the melted chocolate.

Sprinkle immediately with nuts or coconut flakes, pastry powder. Let the chocolate harden and serve.

Kiwi Marmalade


Bright marmalade can be eaten like this or added to cakes and pies.

  • Kiwi - 1 kg
  • Sugar - 1 kg
  • Juice of half a lemon
  • Gelling mixture (or gelatin, agar-agar) - 1 sachet
Ripe kiwi, peel, cut into cubes. Grind with a blender or pusher. Add sugar, lemon, and gelling agent (amount according to instructions).

Put in a saucepan over the fire, stirring constantly. Boil for 7 minutes, the mass will begin to thicken. Pour hot jam into sterile jars

How to Choose and Store Kiwi

Ripe kiwi is firm but soft, the skin is not wrinkled or cracked. If the fruit is too soft, there are wet spots, then the kiwi is overripe and began to deteriorate. The hard fruit, on the other hand, is not yet ripe. At this stage, it is sour and tasteless.

Kiwi is not a long-term fruit. At room temperature, ripe kiwi can go bad in as little as 5 days. You can extend the shelf life in the refrigerator. Before this, the fruit does not need to be washed, then they will lie for about 2 weeks.

You can also buy green kiwis - they will not spoil for a couple of months in the refrigerator. And before use, you can let them ripen - wrap them in a paper bag along with apples or bananas and leave them in the room for several days. Ethylene from other fruits will accelerate ripening.

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